In the event the Petro-Automotive Complex Take into account the Lithium Battery Revolution?

Lithium battery technology is presently focused on building changes in areas which are a handful of. The process often involves implementing advances in nanotechnology and also micro structures. For example:

* Increasing cycle daily life as well as performance (decreasing internal resistance as well as increasing output power) by switching the composition of the substance moved to the anode in addition to being cathode, along with enhacing the real surface area of the electrodes and also changing materials used in the electrolyte.
* Improving capacity by improving the construction to add much more active materials.
* Improving the safety of lithium ion batteries.

We should really find great advances in strength and productivity in the near future. In 2006, a team of experts at MIT announced a procedure which employs viruses to form nano-sized wires. These could be used to build ultra thin lithium-ion batteries with 3 times the normal electricity density. In 2009 a report in New Scientist reported that MIT had succeeded in creating the very first full virus based 3-volt lithium-ion battery. Later in 2009, engineers at the University of Dayton Research Institute designed the world’s first solid-state, rechargeable lithium air battery which was developed to handle the fire and explosion possibility of some other lithium standard rechargeable batteries and make way for advancement of large size lithium rechargeables for a selection of industry applications, which includes hybrid and electric powered cars!

Lithium ion (Li ion) batteries have quickly grown into by far the most extensively used battery chemistry in modern portable electronic devices like laptops, mobile phones, along with PDAs. Due to higher power density, the little, and the development flexibility, Li ion along with Li ion polymer batteries have replaced nickel rechargeable batteries! All major battery makers have launched next generation Li ion cells. Lithium-ion batteries will provide power to the hybrid and electric car revolution. And revolution is just not too strong a word for it.

The Energy Independence and Security Act toughened up fuel efficiency standards to 35 mpg by 2020. Obama stiffened the standards even more in May, raising fuel economy specifications to 39 mpg for vehicles and twenty seven mpg for trucks. The deadline was moved up 4 years to 2016. The brand new regulations ensure the lithium-ion battery is the sole manner vehicle makers can meet the new criteria. Since a car battery requires hundred times more lithium carbonate than a laptop battery, there’s a need to create large-scale manufacturing facilities. The Energy Department just announced eight dolars billion in low cost loans to Ford, Nissan and Tesla to create new battery factories. Metal Miner reports, “Johnson Controls as well as Saft of France are creating a battery production facility in Michigan supported by $220 million of state aid.” The government has committed $25 billion via the Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program to foster the emerging Lithium Battery industry.

Meanwhile, our brand new Prius is making use of the NiMH battery, and the present state of non-lithium battery engineering is not bad! The Prius employs a Sealed Nickel-Metal Hydride Battery (Ni-MH, for ) that is short with a power output of twenty eight horsepower (21 Kw) and 201.6V Voltage. There is another smaller auxiliary battery (12 Volts), that provides power to the Prius computer. The Prius electric battery is created to endure the lifetime of the automobile. As indicated by Toyota, this’s around 180,000 Miles. The batteries may truly be reprocessed. A summary of the procedure are available on Toyota’s internet site. It should be noted that the Prius traction batteries are under warrantee for 8 10 years or 100,000 miles, so will be replaced free of charge before subsequently in the case of failure. But, should the battery fail outside this time-line, the estimated cost of traction battery replacement is $3,000. When fast acceleration is needed, the battery power will “help” the fuel engine, minimizing the consumption of energy during this period of time. Our 2010 Model II is getting more than 50 miles per gallon and we still have under 2,000 miles on it. We just love watching the mpg indicator hover between 60 as well as 100 mpg when working on flat road! The main point here is we’ve minimized our gas spending by two thirds and more notably, the carbon footprint of ours by 2 thirds!

From 2003 to 2007 as Blackberry’s and iPods exploded on the scene, demand doubled for lithium carbonate, the refined form of Lithium used in batteries. Lithium’s ultra-light weight and volatility make it the most perfect fuel for powering tiny batteries. Lithium-ion batteries are lighter, smaller and pack much more power than standard batteries. So they’re ideal for laptops and cellular phones. And before long will be for EV’s!!

Today’s state of electric car development is simply a customer test by the car manufacturers. They will drag the legs of theirs, wallowing in their ignorance, greed, and arrogance until consumers shouts’ Enough!’ Global warming is a way bigger long range issue than the petro/auto industries narrow minded, short term myopic focus on stock earnings and their blatant lack of concern for carbon emissions. The Federal government must be giving each and every customer of hybrid cars along with electrics a significant’ Tax Credit’ until the emissions problem is under control. Buyers need for being enticed to go electric! The major vehicle producers will not give up on their brain washed public (which they created) until they have milked the’ SUV’ and’ PU’ (pick up) cow dry! Is OPEC the culprit? No! Its our very own Petro Automotive Industrial complex!

What’s going on during the auto market with forward looking companies?

* Mercedes launches its S400 HYBRID sedan at the start of 2010. E-Class, M-Class, and GL Class is tailing it closely.
* Tesla Motors has delivered its American-made Roadster, an all electric two-seater sports car and plans to debut its Model S sedan in 2011. The Tesla Roadster accelerates from 0-60 in 3.9 seconds, attains speeds of as much as 160 mph, and journeys over 200 miles on one charge.
* Nissan has retooled a factory in Tennessee to develop 150,000 pure electric cars, called The Leaf.
* Ford is bringing out the pure electric Transit Connect commercial fleet van in 2010 and additionally plans to commit $550 million to retool a Michigan truck plant to make a pure electrical Focus in 2011.
* Chinese vehicle producers Hafei and Coda are intending to bring a mass-produced electrically charged automobile to market in California in fall 2010.
* The BMW MINI E offers you all of the fun and nimble handling of its fuel cousin, but costs forty % less to operate a month. A test fleet was launched in the US this past May (2009).
* The Jeep Patriot SUV, Dodge sports vehicle, four door Jeep Wrangler and Chrysler minivan are apparently pulling Chrysler into the electric powered vehicle race.
* The Chevy Volt is allegedly already in production and will be obtainable in 2010. GM’s rebirth as a viable business may perhaps count on the Volt! The Volt is run by advanced Lithium Ion clever batteries with associated computer control buttons for recharging as well as cooling.

Should OPEC be concerned? The Volt is going to cruise for up to forty miles without touching a drop of petrol. The forty mile range is no coincidence. It is the average distance 75 % of Americans traveling on their daily commute. After 40 miles, an on-board internal combustion engine recharges the batteries. It is expected to get 230 mpg in the community and supply the Volt a 640-mile range on one tank. The Volt is going to average hundred to 230 miles per gallon of petrol.

What’s happening on the global scene regarding the use of Lithium due to the creation of batteries?
* plans were announced by China to jack up the production of refined Lithium for use in batteries 461 % by 2011.
* An Australian business enterprise recently agreed to develop 17,000 a considerable amount of this wonder product in China’s Jiangsu province.
* The Obama administration has earmarked a whopping $25 billion, a rise of 6,250 times over previous expenditures, to create refined supplies of this super green fuel.

If the growing Lithium Producers and Lithium Battery developers pick up the momentum, we should see real improvement in the EV industry very soon, not a short time much too shortly! Examine the website link below for more detailed information on present day pros and disadvantages of Lithium Ion batteries.
China lithium polymer battery

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